Work is the refuge of people who have nothing better to do. : Oscar Wilde

Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Women & Careers in Maths, Sciences & Technologies

An item in the news feed for caught my eye today, and led me to ask what other articles I might find there on this topic. Here are my results.

Tracking The Reasons Many Girls Avoid Science And Math

ScienceDaily (Sep. 8, 2008) — Most parents and many teachers believe that if middle-school and high-school girls show no interest in science or math, there's little anyone can do about it.

Women Opt Out Of Math/science Careers Because Of Family Demands

ScienceDaily (Mar. 3, 2009) — Women who are good at mathematics often do not choose careers in math-intensive fields, such as computer science, physics, technology, engineering, chemistry, and higher mathematics, because they want the flexibility to raise children, or because they prefer other fields of science that are less math-intensive, according to a new study.

How Dads Influence Their Daughters' Interest In Math

ScienceDaily (June 25, 2007) — It figures: Dads have a major impact on the degree of interest their daughters develop in math. That's one of the findings of a long-term University of Michigan study that has traced the sources of the continuing gender gap in math and science performance.

Women's Math Performance Affected By Theories On Sex Differences

ScienceDaily (Oct. 20, 2006) — Women perform differently on math tests depending on whether they believe math-related gender differences are determined by genetic or social differences, according to University of British Columbia researchers.

Friends' School Achievement Influences High School Girls' Interest In Math

ScienceDaily (Feb. 7, 2008) — Girls in high school take as many math courses as boys, influenced by close friends and peers who are doing well in school. More than boys, girls look to their close friends when they make important decisions, such as whether to take math and what math classes to take, confirming how significant peers are during adolescence.

Approach To School Affects How Girls Compare With Boys In Math

ScienceDaily (Feb. 23, 2006) — More women are pursuing higher education and doctoral degrees than ever before, but women still are rare in the math-oriented professions. Yet, researchers say, girls perform just as well as boys on achievement tests and tend to earn better grades in math than do boys during the earlier school years.

Are Women Being Scared Away From Math, Science, And Engineering Fields?

ScienceDaily (Oct. 3, 2007) — Have you ever felt outnumbered? Like there are just not that many people like you around? We’ve all felt outnumbered in one situation or another and walking into a situation in which you sense the possibility of being ostracized or isolated can be quite threatening.

Stereotype-induced Math Anxiety Undermines Girls' Ability To Perform In Other Academic Areas

ScienceDaily (May 24, 2007) — A popular stereotype that boys are better at mathematics than girls undermines girls' math performance because it causes worrying that erodes the mental resources needed for problem solving, new research at the University of Chicago shows.

Why Women Shy Away From Careers In Science And Math

ScienceDaily (May 11, 2005) — ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- Girls steer away from careers in math, science and engineering because they view science as a solitary rather than a social occupation, according to a University of Michigan psychologist.

Women Perform Better In Math When Tested Without Men, Study Says

ScienceDaily (Sep. 13, 2000) — PROVIDENCE, R.I. — Women perform as much as 12 percent better on math problems when tested in a setting without men, according to a study of Brown University undergraduates led by a graduate student of psychology.

Girls Less Confident Than Boys In Science Classes, Researcher Finds

ScienceDaily (Nov. 4, 1998) — CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Girls remain a step behind boys in their confidence and participation levels in science classrooms, despite a hands-on teaching approach now popular in many science classrooms, according to University of Illinois research.

University Of Michigan Study Helps Define Why Fewer Women Choose Math-based Careers

ScienceDaily (May 26, 2003) — ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- Girls and boys who are confident in their math abilities tend to pick a science career based on their values more than on their skills, a study by two University of Michigan researchers suggests.

The study found that both boys and girls who were people-oriented tended to choose college majors in the biological sciences---medicine, environmental sciences or social sciences---rather than the mathematically based sciences such as engineering, physics, or astronomy. It also found that math self-confidence, while stronger in boys than girls, played a much smaller role in the choice of college majors and careers than previously thought.

  • Google query:

    intitle:math OR intitle:science OR intitle:technology OR intitle:engineering intitle:girls OR intitle:women OR intitle:daughters

  • Received 16 items.
  • Used Firefox Scrapbook add-on to discard everything but the appearance of the links themselves from the Google results page, and four links relating strictly to health or medical issues.
  • Dropped the HTML from the Google page into script similar to this one.

    HTML = '''\

    remnants of page generated from Google goes here

    from re import compile
    from urllib import urlopen
    from BeautifulSoup import BeautifulSoup

    findlinksRE = compile ( r'''([^"]+)''' )
    links = findlinksRE . findall ( HTML )

    for link in links :
    HTML = urlopen ( link )
    soup = BeautifulSoup ( HTML )
    title = soup . findAll ( 'h1', { 'class' : 'story' } ) [ 0 ] . contents [ 0 ]
    print '%s' % title
    firstPara = soup . findAll ( 'p', { 'id' : 'first' } )
    print '%s%s' % ( firstPara [ 0 ] . contents [ 0 ] . contents [ 0 ], firstPara [ 0 ] . contents [ 1 ], )

  • Put the output from the script into this page (above).


Patti said...

Thanks for this post Bill!

Bill Bell said...

My pleasure, Patti! AAMOF, I was thinking of you as I was preparing this post.